Panchakarma is a Sanskrit term for the ayurvedic process of detoxifying and purifying the body. The term is derived from the root words, pancha, meaning “five”, and karma, meaning “action,” which refers here to the five treatments
The five therapies of panchakarma that detoxify the body are divided into three stages.
Poorva Karma, which is the preparatory procedure required before the main procedure to enable a person to receive the full benefits of the main treatment. It consists of two main processes – Snehan (oleation) and Swedan (fomentation). These methods help to dislodge the accumulated poisonous substances in the body, thus preparing them for their complete removal.
Pradhan Karma or the main procedure. On completion of the first step, it is decided which of these are to be done depending upon the proximity of the waste. An increased level of upper respiratory tract waste shall call for Vamana. Similarly, a lower gastro accumulation of waste calls for a Virechanam.
Paschaat Karma or the post-therapy dietary regimen to restore the body’s digestive and absorptive capacity to its normal state.
30 Days Treatment
1st – 7th day preparation (shodhna)
8th – 12th day Vamana ( observation of rest and healing diet)
12th – 16th day Virechana
17th – 21th day Vasti ( observation of rest and healing diet)
22th – 26th day Nasya
27th – 30th day rakt mokshana ( bloodletting) ( observation of rest and healing diet)
+ Everyday yoga class
Vamana is a Sanskrit word that means “vomiting” or “ejecting from the mouth.” In the traditional Indian medical system of Ayurveda, is one of the toxin-eliminating treatments that together are referred to as panchakarma. Vamana is used to treat asthma, allergies, nasal congestion, psoriasis, chronic indigestion, obesity and skin disorders, among others
Purgation therapy, the second of the five main pancha karma therapies, is the process by which bodily wastes are evacuated through the lower pathways of the body. A primary therapy for Pitta disorders involving bile and blood, virechana cleanses
Pitta’s main site, the stomach and small intestine. This therapy may also be used clear excess Kapha from the stomach, since one of Kapha’s main diisions is also stored in the stomach. Virechana is sometimes also used to restore Vata’s vital air,
samana, which circulates in the stomach, although the primary treatment for Vata disorders is enema therapy, vasti.
Like emesis therapy, purgation therapy is also considered a cleansing therapy in that it is a purification by elimination process. When certain conditions exist, such as fever, skin diseases, urinary disorders, toxicity, gastro-enteritis, intestinal
parasites, anemia, anorexia, jaundice, indigestion, chronic ulcers, external burns, eye disorders, burning sensation in the body and bleeding from the upper pathways, purgation therapy is administered to help restore the body’s health.
Enema therapy is used in Ayurveda to cleanse and purify the colon and to nourish the body. The term vasti was originally used in Ayurveda for enema therapy since it refers to the bladder of an animal and, traditionally, the enema bag was made
from the bladder of certain animals Vasti is considered both an eliminating and a nourishing therapy due to its two-pronged method. Niruha vasti is the use of medicated decoction in the colon, to remove excess bodily wastes and aggriev doshas from the colon through Anuvasana vasti, the second form of enema therapy, uses oils, fats and honey with nourishing herbs such as bala, bilva, kashmari and patala. This nourishing therapy is used to build up bodily tissues, rather than to deplete them of their
excesses. Anuvasana is a term used generically for both unctuous enema and treatment using oil or unctuous substances in combination with herbal decoctions.
Insufflation is the procedure in which a medicated liquid or powder is introduced into the body through the nasal passage. When snuff, the powdered form of the substance prescribed, is used, the therapy is called sirovirechana. The use
of unctuous substances-ghee with salt, for example- is called nutritional nasya.
Rakta moksha is a treatment used in the traditional Indian medical system of Ayurveda that is commonly known as bloodletting.